Vietnamese

PhuQuoc Island


PhuQuoc Island or the Emerald Island is the biggest island in Vietnam which has a population of more than 80,000. The climate of this island is tropical so PhuQuoc owns valuable natural resource which is tropical forest. Moreover, PhuQuoc is not damaged much by disasters because it is covered by the Thailand gulf. In addition, since PhuQuoc is a big island, therefore it possesses other resources such as ocean resource and land resource.

We cannot miss out those traditional careers when mentioning about PhuQuoc. They are fish sauce manufacturing and pepper planting. PhuQuoc fish sauce and pepper are twoworld-wide famous brands. In addition, the major economic activity of PhuQuoc residents is catching seafood. Recently, thanks to the development of travel and tourism, more services are being provided such as restaurants, hotels, entertainment center…

So, don’t miss out this beautiful island on your next visit to Vietnam!

Ha Noi

Ha Noi is the capital and the second biggest city after Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. Fortunately after years, Ha Noi still remains its ancient and peaceful sightseeing. Listed below are Ha Noi’s famous landmarks.

Hoan Kiem Lake (Hồ Hoàn Kiếm)

Hoan Kiem Lake is located in the center of Ha Noi. Its name expresses the meaning of “Lake of the Returned Sword” which adverting the legend that the Vietnamese Emperor Le Loi had been given a sword from a turtle from this lake and helped driving the invaders out of Vietnam.

Temple of Literature (Quốc Tử Giám)

Temple of Literature, which was built in 1076,has been known as the Vietnam’s first university. Recently, scholars graduated from doctoral, master’s and bachelor’s degree are received certificates in this temple.

One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột)

One Pillar Pagoda is the most famous pagoda in Vietnam which has witnessed the ups and downs of Vietnamese history for a millennium. In 10/2012, this pagoda was rewarded as the temple constructing the most unique architecture by the Asian Records Organization.

North–South differences in the Korean language

There are a small number of differences in the standard forms of the Korean language used in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea; hereafter “the North”) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea; hereafter “the South”), due to the length of time Korea has been divided.

1. Letters: The same Hangeul  letters are used to write the language in the North and the South. However, in the North, the stroke that distinguishes ㅌ |tʰ| from ㄷ |t| is written above rather than inside the letter as in the South.

Letter

North Korean name

South Korean name

|k|

기윽 [kiɯk̚] 기역 [kijʌk̚]

|t|

디읃 [tiɯt̚] 디귿 [tiɡɯt̚]

|s|

시읏 [ɕiɯt̚] 시옷 [ɕiot̚]

|k͈|

된기윽 [tøːnɡiɯk̚] 쌍기역 [s͈aŋɡijʌk̚]

|t͈|

된디읃 [tøːndiɯt̚] 쌍디귿 [s͈aŋdiɡɯt̚]

|p͈|

된비읍 [tøːnbiɯp̚] 쌍비읍 [s͈aŋbiɯp̚]

|s͈|

된시읏 [tøːnɕiɯt̚] 쌍시옷 [s͈aŋɕiot̚]

|tɕ͈|

된지읒 [tøːndʑiɯt̚] 쌍지읒 [s͈aŋdʑiɯt̚]

2. Pronunciation: The standard languages in the North and the South share the same types and the same number of phonemes, but there are some differences in the actual pronunciations. The South Korean standard pronunciation is based on the dialect as spoken in Seoul, but the North Korean standard pronunciation is based on the dialect as spoken in Pyongyang.

3. Emphasis: In the North, names of leaders 김일성 (Kim Il-sung), 김정일 (Kim Jong-il) and 김정은 (Kim Jong-un) are always set off from surrounding text, typically by bolding the characters or increasing the font size.

 

Reference

Jochen-Martin Gutsch (2012), Germans Give Pep Talks on Korean Unification Der Spiegel .

Nha Trang – the Pearl of the Far East Vietnam

Nha Trang is a coastal city of Vietnam as well as a centre of politic, economy, culture, science and travel of Khanh Hoa province, Vietnam. Nha Trang is known as the Pearl of the Far East due to its natural value, beauty and weather. Listed below are must-see destinations when you visit Nha Trang

 

Tam Island (Hòn Tằm)

Tam Island (Hòn Tằm) is a appealing destination which is 100 ha width. Since it is located 7 km far away from Nha Trang City so visitors need only 7 minutes of travelling by canoe to arrive. This island still remains the beauty and wild of tropical forest and the romance of a long beach. Tourists can visit the Bat cave which lied behind this island and participate in many beach sports such as paragliding, beach volleyball, kayak and mountain climbing.

 

Dam Market (Chợ Đầm)

Dam Market, a central market of Nha Trang sea city, is a unique and beautiful construction. It is the biggest market as well as the trade label of this city. Before being constructed as a market, it was a 7 ha of marsh. Dam Market provides many daily stuff , sourvenir and sea food for tourists.

Nha Trang Institute of Oceanography

Nha Trang Institute of Oceanography is an institute studying about the life of sanitary and phytosanitary. It was built by French in 1922 which is considered to be one of the oldest research institutes in Vietnam and the largest collection of ocean life in South East Asia. It is not only a research place but also an attractive destination to tourists, especially who loves marine life.

 

Lotus – Vietnam’s national flower

Lotus flower has been regarded as Vietnam’s national flower. Lotus symbolizes the beauty, commitment, health, honor and knowledge. Lotus flowers grow from the muddy pond but their seed grow toward the direction of the sun light, which represent the purity of spirit. Lotus is said to be the symbol of summer as it often blossoms in summer time when there is a lot of bright sunlight. At night the flower closes and sinks underwater, at dawn it rises and opens again.

Lotus flowers are beautiful in both appearance and smell. The color of lotus flowers usually are pink, red, white, blue and purple, each color has different meaning but they all have pleasant smell and people simply love them at first sight.

Different part of lotus can be used for different purpose: the flowers are used for praying; the seeds are used for making lotus tea and medicine while the green leaves are used to wrap chicken rice- a very delicious dish. If you visit Viet Nam next time, remember to pay a visit to the lotus pond and you will definitely be amazed by its beauty.

Vietnamese Dipping Fish Sauce

As how popular wasabi is to Japanese, ketchup is to French and plum sauce to Chinese, when people mention Vietnamese dishes, fish sauce is the top one bear in their minds. It has an indispensable role for much Vietnamese cuisine since it can be use as an ingredient for cooking or an element to make dipping sauce.

Vietnamese dipping fish sauce is a mixture made from fish sauce, lime juice, minced garlic, chilies, sugar and water (or coconut juice). As fish sauce is salty, lime juice is sour, garlic and chilies are spicy and coconut juice and sugar are sweet, this dipping sauce symbolizes for a life which has bitterness, pungency, gladness and happiness. While we cannot predict what taste of our lives is, the taste of this sauce is various depending on personal preference.

The taste of the dipping fish sauce is different by each region. While Northern Vietnamese people prefer adding broth cooked by pork and penaeid shrimp, people in the central part is in favor with the salty taste by adding less water. Moreover, people from the South choose coconut juice instead of water.
Next, I will show you how to make Vietnamese dipping fish sauce: firstly, dissolve the sugar and water is the prior step. Next, add lime juice or vinegar to the mixture and followed are minced garlic and chilies. Finally, fish sauce is poured into the mixture to complete a delicious and healthy dipping sauce.

Now, you have your own Vietnamese dipping fish sauce! Well done!!!

Áo dài and nón lá

(aodai and palm-leaf conical hat)

Whoever has visited Vietnam would be impressed by the image of girls dressed in aodai. Conventionally, the aodai is separated into two parts: the fitting dress with high collar which is long and loosen the body; the pair of trousers which is ankle-length. The price to possess an aodai is different from its fabrics and the including accessories. Tailors prefer the fabrics which do not easy to crush like silk and synthetic to ensure the comfortableness for people who wear them. The original version of aodai was stitched up in 1744 when everyone was decreed to dress an ensemble by the king Vu Vuong of the Nguyen Dynasty. While áo dài is the monopoly garment for woman, áo gấm is the one for men.

Similarly, nón lá (palm-leaf conical hat) which is stitched from palm leaves and Moc’s or bamboo’s bark also symbolizes for Vietnamese custom. It represents the hard-working but pleasant life of people from paddy field to fishing field. Tourists can experience the process of making nón lá in Chuong village which locates 30km south west of Ha Noi. Nón lá is used to protect farmers from the fierce sunshine or as a souvenir for foreigners to memorize the time they spend in Vietnam.

The image of Vietnamese lady wearing nón lá and áo dài is a symbol of beauty which tourists will never forget.

Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City is the most dynamic and modern city in Vietnam. It consists of nearly 8 million people which equals to 10% of Vietnam’s population. This city is a centre of various cultures, from traditional architectures such as Chinese style pagodas and French style churches to modern skyscrapers and night clubs. There are some places that visitors cannot miss when they visit Ho Chi Minh City:

Reunification Palace (or Independence Palace)

Located on 135 Nam Ki Khoi Nghia Street, District 1, Reunification Palace has been engraved in local people and foreigners’ mind as a witness of history that Vietnamese fought against the aggression of French’s and American’s colonists. It is also known as the house and workplace of former presidents. The old telecommunication equipments and maps in the command room as well as the unfathomableness of the labyrinth remind visitors about the past and the sacrificed Vietnamese soldiers.

Ben Thanh Market

Visitors can reach anything that people buy for their daily needs to local handicrafts and souvenirs. From the transaction of selling and buying, the goods which are popular most to the atmosphere in the market, people can experience the truly local life of Vietnamese. One more thing that customers cannot miss out is the local dishes in the market such as Pho, Hu Tiu and Banh Xeo. However, besides food, bargain is a necessary activity when you purchase goods.

Bitexco Financial Tower

Bitexco Financial Tower is the highest building in Ho Chi Minh City with the height of 262.5 meters. It is a combination of financial, commercial and office function skyscraper. Bitexco Group – the owner of Bitexco Financial Tower has invested US $100 million for this project. The building has structured by glass with the shape of Vietnamese national flower – lotus bud. At the top of the tower, customers can gaze with veneration at the Saigon River while enjoying a warm dinner with family and friends.

Da Nang City

Located in the middle of Vietnam, Da Nang City not only has been known as the centre of 3 world cultural heritages which are Hue old town, Hoi An old town and My Son sanctuary, but also has been voted as one of the sixth most luxurious beaches in the world by Forbes Magazine. Da Nang is also an ideal place for museum and historical sigh lovers. You should not miss the Museum of Cham sculpture, Ho Chi Minh museum, Da Nang Cathedral, Pho Da Nang pagoda etc.

In addition, Da Nang is also known for its magnificent white sand beach along the South China Sea, namely China Beach, and the beautiful Marble Mountain next to it.

Although there are 2 million tourists visiting Da Nang City each year, the government tries to maintain the healthy and peaceful atmosphere as well as the security of the city with no homeless on streets, no drug crime or traffic jams in the city. Therefore, travelers can totally feel comfortable and safe when visiting Da Nang. Recently, Da Nang City has introduced many entertainment activities such as experiencing the nightlife on Bach Dang Street, traditional art performances and activities after midnight. With the ambition to become a event city, Da Nang City has organized big tourist events like International Fireworks Competition which has become the typical event of the city, the International Parachute Competition, to name a few.

Besides these views and shows, tourists should not miss the speciality food such as Quang noodles (mì Quảng), pork rice paper (bánh tráng thịt heo) and seafood.

Classifiers in Vietnamese Language

Classifiers are considered to be one of the most complicated parts of speech in learning Vietnamese language. In a sentence, classifier functions as a noun when it is followed by another noun.

In English we say one pen, two pens, three pens, etc. However, bút in Vietnamese must be accompanied by the classifier cây. Therefore, a pencil in English is một cây bút in Vietnamese. Never do people say một bút, hai bút, but một cây bút, hai cây bút … Similarly, listed below are 3 useful classifiers which are commonly used.

Cái ‘item’ has become one of the most common classifiers for daily life things such as:  cái bàn ‘table’, cái chén ‘small bowl’, cái giuờng ‘bed’, cái cửa sổ ‘window’, cái gương ‘mirror’.

Con ‘child’ is a classifier which indicated a single creature such as con chó ‘dog’, con bướm ‘butterfly’, con dao ‘knife’, con sông ‘river’

‘bunch’, several common terms are bó hoa ‘bunch of flowers’, bó rau muống ‘bunch of morning glory’ and bó lúa ‘bundle of rice’.
 

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